Austria is a country covered in mountains, largely because of its location at the eastern end of the Alps. These mountains cover most of the western and southern parts of Austria. The eastern provinces however are in the Danube Basin, much lower than the mountains. Wholesale, retail trade transport, accommodation and food services (22.3 %), industry (21.8%) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (17.7 %), is the most important sectors of Austria’s economy (2012). Austria has partnered with Germany, Italy and the US for export and Germany, Italy and Switzerland for import.

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Capital Vienna

Geographical size 83 879.0 km²

Population 8 408 121 (2012)

Population as % of total EU population  1.7 % (2012)

GDP € 307 billion (2012)

Official EU language(s) German

Political system Federal parliamentary republic

EU member country since 1 January 1995

Seats in the European Parliament 18

Currency Euro, member since 1 January 1999

Austria has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU twice: in 1998 and 2006. The next time will 2017.

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